Philip Buck born 1742, Upper Rhӧne Valley, Germany,
He arrived in America when Philip was very young. 

Colonel John Butler (Niagara) Branch
    By Alexander Fraser, Provincial Archivist 1904
    The migration of the Loyalists to Canada, which began from New York State, as early as 1774, continued in varying degree till 1789, eight years after the close of the American Revolutionary War and six years after the treaty of peace had been signed in 1783. By the terms of the treaty it was stipulated that creditors on each side should "meet with no lawful impediment" to recover all good debts in sterling money, and that the Congress of the United States should "earnestly recommend" to the States the restoration of the rights and possessions of "real British subjects," and of Loyalists who had not borne arms. All other Loyalists were to be given twelve months in which to adjust their affairs and recover confiscated property. It was provided also that no future confiscations should be made, that imprisoned Loyalists should be released, and that no further persecutions should be permitted. Congress, accordingly sent recommendations to the States concerned, but without effect. Instead of due restitution, petty annoyance and persecution followed, severe ordinances and statutes were passed against the Loyalists, and an exodus from the country was the only relief left open to them.
    The Loyalists resident in New York went to Britain, Nova Scotia, and Upper Canada, (Ontario). It is estimated that 2,000 persons crossed the Atlantic to England and elsewhere, between 1775 and 1785, a number of whom, however, afterwards came to Canada. The Commission opened their investigation in October, under the following classification: -
    0. Those who had rendered services to Great Britain.
    1. Those who had borne arms against the revolution.
    2. Uniform Loyalists.
    3. Loyalists resident in Great Britain.
    4. Those who took oaths of allegiance to the American States,
but afterward joined  the British.
    5. Those who armed with the Americans and later joined the British army or navy.
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Philip Buck, born about 1742 in Upper Rhӧne Valley, Germany, came to America with his father, Frederick, mother Mary and I believe his brother George. There may have been other children, a daughter named Mary born 1759 at Forty Fort, Susquehanna Valley, PA and a son named Frederick, which has been suggested online but with no source.  Philip stated in his Crown Land Claims that he immigrated with his "family while young".
To start..... read some history during the years that Philip Buck growing up:

1747 ---Ship Records
The Buck name is shown on the list of Han Burkholder’s Letters and Labors -Disease and Horrors on Shipboard.  "During this year we find five Ship loads of German Swiss People coming into this country. Among the common Lancaster County names we find the following families:
2 Arnolds      3 Beyers     2 Becks2 Eberhards2 Freys
3 Frantzs      3 Hoffmans4 Hermans 2 Hubers      2 Kaspars
2 Rohrers     3 Snyders   4 Smiths     4 Wagners   2 Wisesand 2 Wengers.
.........also find one each of the following:
Adams, Alleman, Bowman, Bauman, Buck, Fox, Hahn, Kline, Kurtz, Kauffman, Lesher, Lutz, Mosser, Peiffer, Roth, Rith, Rop, Teese, Shaeffer, Steinmetz, Streiker, Wolfe, Weidner, Witmer, Young and Ziegler.
     They came in the ship “Billander,” Thomas Ricks master ---“Lydia”  William Tiffin master---“Restauration” James Hall master---“Two Brothers” Thomas Arnott master---and _______.
This last ship seems to be unknown.”
NEW YORK MUSTER ROLLS of Provincial Troops. 1755-1764.   French & Indian War
“A muster roll of the men raised and passed in the county of Albany for Capt. John Van Veghten's Company, May 18th, 1761. MEN'S NAMES.  Date of Enlistment. Age.        Born.              Trade.           Officer who Enlisted  
Philip Back ........... April   10                 17       Germany        Labourer          Capt. V. Veghten
George Buck..........April    2                  20      Germany         Labourer          Capt. V. Veghten
These Certifies that the above Named men being passed Muster for Capt John van Veghten in the Second New York Regiment to the Number of Eighty Eight officers Including.”  by Myndt. Roseboom, Lt. Col. and Goose Van Schaick. Lt Coll. Albany 18th 1761. (Also May 1, 1960)
1. Morrison's Pensions Published by the New York Historical Society. 1897---- 2.Three Rivers NEW YORK MUSTER ROLLS of New York Provincial Troops. 1755-1764. Published by the New York Historical Society. 1897
William Smy has Philip married in 1761.  If they had any children before Mary, born 1768, names can not be found.  As stated above, this date seems very unlikely.  I would believe that 1767 would be closer to their marriage date.  Margaret in 1767 would be only 16 and Philip would be 25 years of age, which was common ages to marry in those years.
....15 Feb Cadwallader Colden, an American Officer, Lt. Gov. list of deserters from New York
companies stationed at Fort Ontario, Oswego Co.  Phillip Buck, Germany, 18 years, 5 ft. 3 in.,-
labourer, - last residence Albany.  Date of desertion 4th Nov. from Albany.  Philip's brother,
George Buck is also listed as a deserter at the same time.
Philip married about 1767 in Pennsylvania.  His marriage bond or record has not been located but his first child, Mary, was born in 1768, in Forty Fort, Wyoming area of Pennsylvania
"Philip Bucks Survay Susquehannah September 15th Day 1772. Then Laid out on the origanal Right of James Horton for Philip Buck a Peice of Land ajoyning to Pete Mathews: and Begining at his Northwesterly Corner at ye mouth of a Crick (Bowman Creek): thence North 85ø w. Eighteen Rods by ye River; thence North 75ø w: one Hundred and seventy four Rods to the mouth of a Creek; thence North 43ø W: forty Rods to a walnut: thence N. 45ø E: two Hundred and Eighty-Eight Rods: thence South 43ø E: two Hundred and ten Rods: thence S: 45ø W: one Hundred & Ninety two Rods, to ye first Bound the above Courfes and Distances were taken ye Day of ye above Date by me .........JOHN JENKINS Surveyor.
Received ye above Survey to Record october ye 5th 1772                  
Recorded per me EZEKIEL PEIRCE Clark (Clerk)"

1773   Boston Tea Party, 342 chests of tea go into the drink.
It wasn't until Aug. 22, 1775 - England's King George III proclaimed the "American colonies in a state of open rebellion." According to the British the Revolutionary War begins in the United States.
Christ Church Philadelphia, PA  "Near the Delaware River...  now center of city Philadelphia.  Early times it was called the Northern Liberties."
"Philip and Ann Buck in Christ Church records: William, born 23 Feb. 1776 and Elisabeth born 1 May 1777".  Elisabeth, 6th child of Philip and Margaret Buck matches exactly.  Elisabeth Buck married Charles Hubbard in Ontario before 15 May 1805.  I believe that the son, William, born in 1776, is the 3 yr old and only child to die on the Trek of the 5 women and 31 children.  Read the 'Trek Of 5 Women and 31 Children' on another page located on this site.  Letter of Elizabeth Spohn Most records say that Philip had 12 children, but the first William is usually mixed up with his brother also named William born in 1787.  They had 13 children and raised 12.
*NEW* 8-2005*
Everything matched except the name of Philip’s wife -“Anne”.In German custom, children, when baptized, carried Saints names and only used them in Church records.  So I am not surprised by the name of Anne.  When we found the Baptismal record of Philip Jr. in the Canadian Archives, Philip's wife's name was Anne Marguerite SAULTMAN. Which may have been spelled SALTMANN or SALTZMAN as found in Susquehanna, PA.  So the whole record is now complete and is a match. 
Also George Buck, brother to Philip Jr., was born 17 Jan 1784, baptismal was listed at the Canadian Archives also.
"Philip Buck was at his home on Jan 3, 1778 when arrested."
"Philip Buck was a settler from Fort Forty and its vicinity in the Wyoming Valley of the Susquehannah River.  He was at his home on Jan 3, 1778 when arrested."  First imprisoned at Philadelphia, then Philip was transported to Hartford jail in Conneticut so he could appear before the Courts of the British Military and was held there until his release." 
"Mark of Honor" by Hazel Mathews page 49: 
"Sir Guy Carleton, September 15, 1777, furnished John Butler with "Beating orders for the enlistment of eight companies, each composed of a captain, a lieutenant, three sergeants, three corporals, and fifty privates."
"Two of these companies were to be formed of "people speaking the Indian language, and acquainted with their customs and manner of making war," and were to receive four shillings, New York currency, a day.  The remaining companies, "to be composed of people well acquainted with the woods, in consideration of the fatigues they were liable to undergo" were to receive two shillings a day.  The whole were required to clothe and arm themselves entirely at their own expense.  This was considered extremely high pay, and it was subsequently estimated by General Haldimand that these eight companies of rangers cost the government as much as twenty companies of regular infantry."
    "By the middle of December (1777) the first company of rangers was completed, and Butler expected to form two more upon the return of his recruiting officers.  Many of his best recruits were drawn from the east branch of the Susquehannah, where all persons suspected of loyalist leanings were keenly persecuted.  A return of the corps in the spring of 1784 showed a strength of 469 men, 111 women, and 259 children.  The regiment was finally disbanded in June, 1784.  John Butler was born at New London, Conn., in 1725, and educated at the same place.  His father was a lieutenant in the British army for seventy years.  After the war Colonel Butler, with nearly all his men, settled in Niagara area Upper Canada, now the province of Ontario.  He died in 1796."
Privates .....Buck, Philip; Clous, Corpl. John; Anker, August; Anker, Senior, Fredk; Anker, Junr., Fredk, Anker; Charles, Chrysler, Junr.; John, Chrysler; Peter, Chrysler, William & others.
Source: "Butler's Rangers," by E. Cruikshank.  Lundy's Land Historical Society, 1893. ©  List of Lt. Col. A. S. De Peyster.  See pp. 4, 5. 
I want to especially THANK the SHARING GENEALOGY RESEARCHERS for all the great information they have shared with me for my website.  I will continue to add data as I receive it.  

Beth.....  or
    Claimants had to state specifically in writing the nature of their losses. Claims were first ordered to be presented by March 25th, 1784, but the time was later extended till 1790. On the first date mentioned, 2,063 claims were presented, representing a loss of about $35,000,000 in real and personal property, $11,770,000 in debts and $443,000 in incomes, making a total of nearly $47,250,000. Compensation was not allowed for estates bought after the war, rents, incomes of offices received during the rebellion, anticipated professional profits, losses in trade, labor, or by the British army, losses through depreciated paper money, captures at sea and debts. By April, 1788, the Commissioners had examined 1,680 claims on which they allowed $9,448,000.
Source: Biographical Sketches of Loyalists of the American Revolution, Vol. I  by Lorenzo Sabine
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Buck Family 2
Survey area on Bowman Creek, PA for Philip Buck. Now named Benson Hollow
Buck Family 1
Surname of Buck History

This interesting surname with variant spelling Bucke, has a number of possible origins. Firstly, it may derive from the Old English pre 7th Century "bucca" a male goat or "bucc" a male deer, and would have originated as a nickname for a man with some fancied resemblance to the animal, e.g. strength, speed or sturdiness. One, Herbert Bucke is recorded in the Pipe Rolls of Sussex (1195), and Robert Buc appears in the Pipe Rolls of Suffolk (1200). The surname may also be metonymic for longer occupational names, e.g. Roger le Bucmanger, recorded in the Assize Court Rolls of Warwickshire (1221), was a dealer in bucks or venison, and Walter Bucswayn, noted in the Subsidy Rolls of Somerset (1327), was a goat herder. Another possibility is that the name is of topographical origin, deriving from the Old English "boc" a beech tree, and would have referred to someone living by a prominent beech tree. Peter Buck, registered in the Subsidy Rolls of Suffolk, (1327). In 1549, Margaret Buck married Patrick Colley at St. Mary Woolnoth and on December 10th 1549, Lucas Buck was christened at St. Margaret's, Westminster. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Godwig se Bucca, which was dated circa 1055, Old English Byname Register, Somerset, during the reign of King Edward the Confessor, 1042 - 1066. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
During a life time history is being made while you strive to build a family.  The timeline of Philip Buck is more than personal notations of a man during conflicts in Pennsylvania but of the history of his time. He was born in Germany, tried to settle in Wilkes-Barre area of Pennsylvania and then on the Susquehanna River at Bowman Creek, and finally making it to Canada where he received free land from the crown in Bertie Twp, Welland County, Niagara, Ontario.
NOTE: If you are not interested in the history…use your ‘find’ to locate Philip through his personal history.
His Timeline and History of the Times
"The Penns respected the Indians' right of conquest to the land, and there was no felt necessity to settle the area. By the 1750s, however, soil exhaustion and a tripling population compelled Connecticut settlers to consider settlement of the Wyoming Valley. The Susquehanna Company was formed in July 1753 in Windham, Connecticut, for the purpose of purchasing the Susquehanna lands, including the Valley of Wyoming, from the Indian natives and to explore and organize a settlement in the region. The settlement urge was blocked by the intervening French and Indian War (1754-1763) which pitted the French and their Indian allies against the English and the American Colonists. By 1758 the Iroquois had entered into a general peace with the English, and Delaware Indians under Chief Teedyuscung settled in the Wyoming Valley."
Source: HISTORY OF WILKES The Naming of Wilkes-Barre | Insulting a King
Sale:- from the Iroquois Indians to Connecticut as 11 Jul 1754.   The Susquehannah Company purchased the Wyoming Valley, and surrounding region, from the Iroquois.The proprietary government of Pennsylvania claimed the valley through a purchase made in 1736.
The French and Indian War begins. Delaware Indians in western Pennsylvania join the Shawnee Indians in raiding the settlements, more out of haterd of the English than love of the French. The Delaware still on the Susquehanna stay neutral at first.
Fort Duquesne (the present Pittsburgh) is built by the French where the Allegheny and Monongahela Rivers join to form the Ohio. The young George Washington is sent to destroy it but is forced to surrender to superior forces. His rash actions help to trigger a wider war.
Mary Buck, born 1759, Forty Fort, Pennsylvania. Mary Buck has in some genealogists records are listed as Philip Buck’s daughter, but his age, at 17 and Margaret's age at 8, both are to young to have married and have children.  Finding no indications that Philip had married at this age and no 'first wife', I believe Mary Buck born 1759 to be his sister.  Also the date of Mary’s birth would mean that Philip’s father, Frederick Buck & family was in the Wyoming Valley on this date. Since the building of homes in 1757 for the Indians and continued into 1758, it is certainly plausible that Frederick and sons procured a job building houses.  This would be the first sign of Frederick leaving the Philadelphia area and then following his son to Niagara.
Transcription of a document of military record for George and Philip Buck.
"A muster roll of the men raised and passed in the County of Albany for Captain Van Veghten's Company, May the 1st, 1760, p. 553. 
April 14, age 17, born Germany, labourer, volunteer out of what Company of the Militia- Groat officer who inlisted Capt. V. Veghten Company:
Philip Buck, 5 feet 1 1/2 inches, fair hair, complexion dark, brown eyes.
George Buck April 2, 20 years born Germany Labourer Volunteer Bratt in Capt. V. Veghten Co.  5ft 4 ½” brown hair,   brown eyes."
“These may Certifies that the above Named men being passed Muster for Capt John van Veghten in the Second New York Regiment to the Number of Eighty Eight officers Including. "
Philip with his brother George had joined the Provincial Troops in the French and Indian War.
1.NEW YORK MUSTER ROLLS of Provincial Troops.  1755-1764. French & Indian Wars. Published by the New York Historical Society. 1897
2. Florence Christoph's book "Upstate New York in the 1760s"  pg 225 (SHR:552-554; NYHSC:248-253)
3. Myndt. Roseboom, Lt. Col. and Goose Van Schaick. Lt Coll. Albany 18th 1761.”  (Also May 1, 1960)
4.  Morrison's Pensions Published by the New York Historical Society. 1897
Philip Buck must have moved in and out of Wyoming Valley during the next several years as the Connecticut and Pennsylvania's battled back and forth, each claimed to be proprietors of the Wyoming Valley.  Philip Buck's first 6 children have birth places listing the Wyoming County, which is within the Susquehanna Valley area and he had settled just north of Wilkes-Barre. 
....April 19, the dwelling of Teedyuscung and twenty others around it were set on fire. The "chief, under the influence of liquor, perished in the flames. This was an act of revenge for the death of an Iroquois warrior killed by the chief in 1758. The Iroquois let the others believe this act was committed by the settlers. As a result the Delaware attacked the settlers, killing thirty and causing the others to flee. They then burned the settlement.
...May, Settlement at Mill Creek, renewed by large number of people under The Susquehanna Co.
...June,  The red men’s occupancy of Wyoming Valley comes to an end.
...October 15, Delaware Indians attack the settlers at Mill Creek, some of whom are massacred, others are driven away from the valley, and the remainder is carried off as prisoners.
A History of Willes-Barre Luszerne County, Pennsylvania by Oscar Jewell Harvey, A. M. 

Wyoming Valley uninhabited by either whites or Indians.
Source: History of Wilkes.  Some Early History of Wilkes-Barre

John Anderson, Capt. John Dick and Capt. Amos Ogden, Pennsylvania and New Jersey men, locate in Wyoming Valley as Indian traders, under authority received from Sir William Johnson.
Note: Specimens of anthracite coal taken from Wyoming and sent to England.
Source: History of Wilkes.  Some Early History of Wilkes-Barre
Philip Buck's first child, Mary Buck, Birth 11 Mar 1768. Died 5 May 1805 in Vineland, , Ontario, Canada
"....5 November The Treaty of Fort Stanwix - The Penn family purchased a duplicate deed to the Wyoming region from the Iroquois."
“The forty men from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania who accompanied Captain Lazarus Stewart into the Wyoming Valley in February, 1770, and expelled from the valley the Pennamites at Fort Durkee at Wilkes-Barre.”  [Note: Pennamites were Pennsylvania residents who had leased one hundred acres in Wyoming Valley for seven years from the heirs of William PENN on the condition that they defend these lands from the Connecticut claimants.  They first arrived to this area in January, 1769 and occupied the buildings (located at Mill Creek, one mile above the present city of Wilkes-Barre) that were left by the massacred settlers in 1763.]"  I believe Philip Buck, his father Frederick and family to be among these 40 settlers from the birth of his children and his sister, Mary, born 1768 near Wilkes-Barre.
Source: HISTORY OF HANOVER TOWNSHIP AND WYOMING VALLEY (pp. 144-145)Pennsylvania By: Henry Blackman Plumb, 1885, 498 pp.
Philip Buck’s 2nd child, Rosannah, born this year in Wilkes-Barre, PA.
".....February 11, Capt. Lazarus Stewart and his “Paxtang Boys” come to Wilkes-Barre to cooperate with the Yankees.  They regain possession of Fort Durkee.
...June, Town-plots are surveyed and lots are drawn by the proprietors of the Township."
"Southeastern Wyoming County, Comprehensive Plan -Early Development History.
The following items are intended to provide an overview and the flavor of the early development history of Wyoming County and the four Townships in the planning area.  That portion of the Township bordering the Susquehanna River was settled prior to the revolution. The first to come were Zebulon Marcy, Adam Wortman, Philip Buck and Adam Bowman, the last three being low Dutchman (meaning German) and Tories.

"The township is well watered by deep creeks. The principal one, Bowman Creek, running nearly through the center of the township, was once famed for its trout; these have been partially exterminated, but the stream is still a popular resort for fisherman who come from adjacent States. In 1880 there were two post offices in the township at Eatonville and South Eaton."
"Eatonville was once known as henpeck"
(This Adam Bowman must have been close friends with Philip Buck and his family. When you find one, you find the other one. )
History of Luzerne, Lackawanna, and Wyoming Counties Pennsylvania.  Philip Listed on 3 pages, 508, 528, & 529. 
Wyoming County, 1842-1992, Sesquicentennial, A Look Back, p. 34.
     On November 9, 1789, Lord Dorchester, the governor of Quebec, declared "that it was his Wish to put the mark of Honour upon the Families who had adhered to the Unity of the Empire". As a result of Dorchester's statement, the printed militia rolls carried the notation: N.B. Those Loyalists who have adhered to the Unity of the Empire, and joined the Royal Standard before the Treaty of Separation in the year 1783, and all their Children and their Descendants by either sex, are to be distinguished by the following Capitals, affixed to their names: U.E. Alluding to their great principle "The Unity of the Empire".....U.E.
."...September, The first Susquehannah Company (Connecticut) settlers arrived at Wyoming and commenced improvements for permanent settlement."

“In this year some important events happen when settlers moved into Wyoming Valley.
....March.. David Zeisberger goes on a mission to the Indians at Wyoming.
....May 19..The Susquehanna Com. decides to effect a settlement upon their lands at Wyoming.
....June..Important conference at Easton, Pennsylvania, between Governor Hamilton, Pennsylvania, Sir Wm. Johnson, and Teedyuscung and chiefs of the Delaware Indians.
....August..Conference at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, between Governor Hamilton and Six Nation.  Delaware and Shawanese Indians.
....September..Under the auspices of The Susquehanna Company 119 settlers locate near the mouth of Mill Creek, within the limits of what was later the township of Wilkes-Barre, and begin to build three small block-houses."

Wyoming County, PA
"In 1762 settlers from New England came to the Wyoming Valley, but were driven out by the Indians. It was not until after the Sullivan expedition in 1779 that families were able to establish a permanent settlement in the Tunkhannock area. In 1842, Wyoming County was created from part of Luzerne County. The name "Wyoming" is derived from an Indian word meaning "extensive meadows." With its glistening streams, gently rolling hills and tranquil valleys. Wyoming County is undoubtedly one of Pennsylvania's most scenic counties. With a history and heritage running as wide and deep as the Susquehanna River that crosses its pastoral fields and meadows."

"Susquehannah Company settlers arrived at Mill Creek, near the current site of the Wilkes-Barre General Hospital, to plant grain and erect shelters, after which they returned to Connecticut. They returned to Mill Creek in May 1763, shortly after Teedyuscung had burned to death in his home, near the site of present Riverside Drive in South Wilkes-Barre."
Source: HISTORY OF WILKES The Naming of Wilkes-Barre In September 1762
1760  Reign of King George II (Hanover) Born 1727, Died 1760

1760  Reign of King George III begins.
The French and Indian War in North America expands into The Seven Years' War in Europe. The fighting in North America grows into a global conflict, with Britain and Prussia fighting France, Austria and their allies in Europe, the Americas, and India.
September 8; colonial troops attack and burn the principal Delaware Indian town of Kittanning on the Allegheny River, but most Delaware escape with over 100 white captives. End of Delaware presence in central Pennsylvania. Owing to the French and English War, Wyoming is entirely forsaken by the Indians.

In October the erection of houses at Wyoming, for the use of the Delaware Indians under the  chieftainship of Teedyuscung, is begun by the Pennsylvania authorities.
Source: History of Wilkes-Barre, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania

1757-1762 Benjamin Franklin is in London as agent for Pennsylvania.

November 25; Colonial troops under Col. George Washington capture Fort Duquesne, site of Washington's surrender four years before. Rebuilt the next two years as Fort Pitt, largest land fortification in North America, this establishes British control over the entire Ohio River valley.
....May 22:Teedyuscung and his Delaware Indians settled down in Wyoming, and the work of building houses for them is resumed by white workmen in the employ of the Pennsylvania Government.
....May 27:The first death of a white man-killed and scalped by inimical Indians-occurs in Wyoming.Source: History of Wilkes-Barre, Wyoming County, Pennsylvania

1759 - July 25; the British under Sir William Johnson capture Fort Niagara.
...Feb. Philip and Margaret's 5th child, 3rd son, named William, born 23 Feb 1776.
Declaration of Independence drafted by Tom Jefferson, with John Adams.   Richard Stockton, signer of this document is my 27th cousin in my mother's lineage.  Plus... the town I live in is named Stockton, CA, by the founder because it was Richard Stockton that saved him and his men during the Mexican war. 
"....18 Jan.. The erection of Fort Wyoming is begun by the Pennamites on the river bank near the present Northampton St. in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania."
."..September, The First Pennamite-Yankee War is begun.
...November 14, Fort Durkee is surrendered to the Pennamites by the Yankees, and the latter are driven from the Valley."
“Among the earliest arrivals in the Wyoming Valley (1770-1771) were Philip Buck, John Depew, John Pencil Jr., Nicholas Phillips, Frederick Smith, Parshal Terry, Jr., and Elisha Wilcox.  Philip Wintermute Sr., accompanied by six of his sons, arrived in 1772, and represents the last of these earliest Loyalists to benefit from the Susquehannah Company's patronage.  Each of these men participated in the defense of Connecticut's possession of the Wyoming Valley.  Of greater import is the fact that ten of their signatures appear alongside other early settlers on an October, 1772 memorial to the Connecticut government.  This petition requested the advantages of civil government, specifically by incorporation as a county, or annexation into an already existing county of that colony.  These twelve Yankee collaborators and fifteen of their sons would swell the ranks of Butler's Rangers."
"BUCK, Philip: One of the earliest settlers with the Yankees at Wyoming, he eventually moved up the river where he appears in the August 1776 tax list   A native of Germany, he settled on 300 acres on the upper Susquehannah in 1771.  He joined the British at Fort Stanwix and was captured with other Loyalists in (3 Jan) 1778, being exchanged in New York."
HISTORY OF HANOVER TOWNSHIP AND WYOMING VALLEY -(Fraser, p. 974; Palmer, p. 111; Penrose, p. 274).
(History of Bradford County 1770 - 1878 The Reverend Mr. David Craft –p. 83).  (Ontario Register 1: 208).
"Ye List of Settlers in Ye Town of Wilksbarre in Ye Year 1771.
(1) A list of ye persons that was here in ye Seige (that) belongs to Wilkes-Barre.
      “ In an original "List of Settlers on the Susquehannah, Dec. 1771", made up by Zebulon Butler and Stephen Fuller, and now in possession of the Wyoming Historical and Geological Society, are the following nineteen names which do not appear in the foregoing list for September.  Zebulon Butler is marked as having gone home on December 18th.”
"Allen, Daniel - Dec. lst.               BUCK, Philip –Dec  28th             Clark, Benjamin - 15th
Eveland, Frederick - 15th            Forgason, John                               Gore, Samuel - 15th
Hollenback, Matthew - 9th          Harding, Stephen                        Heffelfinger, Henry - home 18th
Hopkins, William - 15th               Phillips, Frank, 15th                      Perkins, John - 15th
Ross, Daniel - 15th                        Utter, Abraham                              Utter, Moses
Willcox, Eason                              Weeks, Jesse - home 10th               West, Eleazar - Dec. lst
Yale, Stephen - home 13th."
       “At last the Wyoming settlement under the auspices of The Susquehanna Company was beginning to flourish; new settlers - men, women and children - from Connecticut and elsewhere were coming to the valley nearly every week; town-meetings were being frequently held at Fort Wyoming, Wilkes-Barre, by the qualified "proprietors" ………………”
History of Wilkes Barre.  & Volume II  "Westmoreland Land Records," referred to on Pages 26 and 28, A History of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County Pennsylvania
Philip Buck "In 1771 he repaired to Wyoming Valley (Pennsylvania).  In 1772 he paid Peregreen Gardner ten Spanish milled dollars for a quarter right in the Susquehanna Purchase."
“Stevens’ Transcripts ---American Loyalists” (Vols, X, XXV, XXXII, etc.) unpublished.
Philip Buck …“He appropriates a Right on the Susquehanna, settled in 1771, paid 10 dollars, 15 acres clear, built a house, barn, & barrick. Lost 2 cows, 2 young creatures, 4 sheep, 20 hogs, furniture, utensils, grain 100 bushels.”
Loyalists in the American Revolution FTM CD#144 Genealogical Records
“To this new township the proprietors gave the name "Exeter."
This township was located on both sides of the Susquehanna, "at a place called Tunkhannock," and contained twenty-five square miles "exclusive of the river.”  Subsequently the township received the name of "Putnam," in honor of Col. Israel Putnam, a resident of Pomfret, Windham County, Connecticut.... In addition to the latter Job Randall, Esq., Jonathan Randall, Dr. Ephraim Bowen, Benjamin Bowen, Jonathan Slocum, Job Tripp, Philip Buck, Elisha Wilcox, Zebulon Marcy, Elijah Shoemaker and Increase Billings (several of whom were Rhode Islanders) were among the original proprietors of Putnam Township. (For the location of the townships of Providence, Exeter and Putnam, aforementioned, as originally laid out, see the lands of Kingston, or the “Forty,” Township were allotted to the proprietors thereof in the Spring of 1772, ………..Voted, That Philip Buck be admitted in as a settler and to hold a settling right for Mr. William Stewart.”  page 719
“TUNKHANNOCK was the third of the original certified town, and was then called Putnam…. Philip Buck, a German, sent here by the Pennamites in 1773, (Note: Above: land survey in 1772) lived upon the land of Christopher Avery, but afterwards, in company with two others, Jacob and Adam Bowman, settled opposite the mouth of Bowman's creek. Abraham and Adam Wartman were also two Germans sent here by the Pennamites in the same year that Philip Buck came. They settled near the mouth of Tunkhannock creek. Just below Philip Buck, lived Frederic Anger and Frederick Frank; below this, where La Grange now is, lived Jeremiah Osterhout, who came here prior to 1796.”
1.THE HISTORY OF WYOMING COUNTY   2.Source: History of Pennsylvania by William H. Egle, M.D., M.A. Published 1883  WYOMING COUNTY BY CHARLES M. LEE,
On 31 May 1775 the Revolutionary War started in America.  The Revolutionary War begins in the United States.
Some researcher have listed the below "Phil Buck", but the children do not match our Philip Buck, the Loyalist.........:
"Loyalist Victualling List at Fort Erie from 25th July to 24th September 1775.
Name: Phil. Buck .  Year of Record: 1775
Others: 1 woman, 4 male children over 10, 3 female children under 10. "
These children do not match the children of Philip and Margaret Buck for the year 1775! The number of children in 1775 for our Philip Buck was 2 girls under 10 and 2 boys under 10.  Has the children been added to this record by mistake?  There was another Philip Buck in some of the records that had our Philip Buck also?
Transcribed from original documents held at the National Archives of Canada [Ottawa]: RG 19, volume 4447, file 23.
Source/Event: Loyalist Victualling List at Fort Erie from 25th July to 24th September 1775.

List of loyalist prisoners from Butler's Rangers.
Location: Us National Archives (NARA). Collection Title: Papers of the Continental Congress.  Publication Title: Papers of the Continental Congress. Short Description: NARA M247. The correspondence, journals, committee reports, and records of the Continental Congress (1774-1789). Item Number: 166. Publication Number: M247. Item Description: Letters and Papers Relating to Canadian Affairs, Sullivan's Expedition, and the Northern Indians, 1775-79 . Item Title: Papers re: Canadian and Indian Affairs. Page: 489
Frederick Buck, father of Philip Buck was listed as a non-associator and paid a fine for 3 years.
No explanation was offered as to the reason nor the amount of the fine.  But there was a reason for their name to be added to the non-associators list.
"Regardless of the suspicions already existing, and certain to be increased, concerning their neutrality, the Quakers, Menonists, and Dunkards or German Baptists, who enjoyed certain exemptions at the hands of Congress, memorialized the Pennsylvania Assembly at this time in opposition to the general order for the enrollment of the militia. Thereupon, the Committee of Safety marched to the State House, carrying a remonstrance against the Quaker address, which was declared to present an aspect unfriendly to the liberties of America and destructive of society and government. The remonstrance further alleged that these gentlemen want to withdraw their persons and their fortunes from the service of the country… The association also sent in a remonstrance, denouncing leniency to the lukewarm as nothing less than a fatal mistake. At length, in November, the Assembly went on record by making defensive service compulsory and taxing all non-associators 2 10s above the regular assessment. This action, along with other developments of the time, only served to embolden the Quakers, for their Yearly Meeting published a testimony, which was adopted January 20, 1776, advising the members of the society to stand firm in their allegiance and unite against every design of independence. Not content with testimonies and memorials, Quaker merchants and traders, as well as a few others, were in some instances required to apologize for breaches of the regulations established by the Committee of Inspection relating to the admission and prices of commodities, especially of foodstuffs; while in other instances they were denounced as enemies and excluded from all trade or intercourse with the other inhabitants, because they refused to accept Continental currency."   Page 24
Colony Records of Pa.. X, 280, 302, 342, 343, 359, 360, 367, 372, 373, 880, 385, 386, 410 ; Raymond, ed., Winslow Papers, 42, n:; Rep. on Am. Mss. in the Roy. Inst. of G. Brit., II, 79 ;Scharf and Westcott, Hist, of Philadelphia..    
The Loyalists of Pennsylvania by WILBUR H. SIEBERT Professor in The Ohio State University
The "UP THE RIVER" district was settled in the upper section of the Susquehanna Valley, in what is now Bradford, Wyoming and upper Luzerne counties of Pennsylvania, includes the area from about Wilkes-Barre north up the Susquehanna to the New York border. With the heading of “North District “UP THE RIVER” includes: Philip BUCK, Frederick ANKER (Anger), Jacob BOWMAN, Adam BOWMAN, along with 55 others.
The "UP THE RIVER" district is really a bit more than just the Up the River district for 1776. For 1776, it is the County of Westmoreland, Colony of Connecticut, which includes the area from about Wilkes-Barre north, up the Susquehanna to the New York border. Tax list for the various districts of Westmoreland Co., Colony of Connecticut, August, 1776.
Philip Buck tax was £28 (about $46.42 today, 2009). 
Philip Buck - Loyalist - is listed at the mouth of Tunkhannock Creek.  Have yet to find when Philip moved to the mouth of Bowman Creek where his survay was made.
"Proceedings and Collections of The Wyoming Historical and Geological Society," V: 209-218., 219-230.
3 Jan 1778
List of Prisoners, Susquehanna River: Peter TenBroock, Esq. Capt. Corps of Rangers, Lieut. Bowen and Privates: Philip Buck, Jacob Brunner,  Fred'k Frank, , Nicholas Phillips Sr, Nicholas Phillips Jr, John Phillips,  , Jacob Bowman Sr, John S. Young, Thos. Silks, Adam Bowman Jr, All Taken (by Westmoreland) at Susquehanna Jan'y 1778.          
Note: Descendant of this family has stated that  Edw'd Hicks, Edw'd Hicks, Jr, Thos. Silks, were not identified in The British Campaign of 1777.   
List of Prisoners in hands of Congress belonging to the Corps of Rangers, Royalists & and their Families" (Reel 46: Haldimand Papers, Add Mss 211765, p. 424)
“A party of Rangers was taken prisoner. They had joined St. Leger at Fort Stanwix, but when the siege was abandoned had obtained leave to go home "in order to fetch their families into Niagara, as they had been drove by the enemy from their habitations."  They also had orders to drive cattle from the settlements to Niagara. In this party conducted by Lieutenant James Secord were Jacob Bowman, his sixteen-year-old son Adam, Philip Buck, Adam and John Young of Youngsfield, and Michael Showers. Excepting the Youngs, all were settlers from Forty Fort and its vicinity in the Wyoming Valley of the Susquehanna. They had reached their homes when on January 3, 1778, twenty-seven of them were "taken up and secured." The Remembrancer reported that "the white inhabitants" had discovered that "many of the villainous Tories, who had stirred up the Indians, and been with them in the fighting against us, were within the Settlements. ... Of these 18 were sent to (Hartford jail) in Connecticut, the rest, after being detained some time, and examined, were for want of sufficient evidence set at liberty; they immediately joined the enemy. . . ." Secord and Showers were among those released but Buck, the Youngs, and the Bowmans were sent to gaol.” (jail) 
Source:  Continental Congress- Papers re: Canadian and Indian Affairs pg 489
Wyoming PA County History ...Shows prisoners....Jan 1778
The families of Loyalist shodliers gathered at Sorel, Quebec to wait out the war.  In the ration returns Margaret Buck is shown to have been in Montreal with her children on a date 25 Sept to 24 Oct 1779 at Montreal appears "Marg Buck with one woman, two children over age 10, three children under age 10," “husband prisoner.” (Thanks Kelsey for info)
"List of Settlers on the Susquehanna" prepared May of 1772 by Capt. Zebulon Butler, This list includes Philip Buck as a settler. Philip's name is in the middle row, next to last name.
(Also listed under the date of Oct. 1772)                                                                                ===>
A History of Wilkes-Barre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania
Stevens Transcripts of American Loyalists (Vols X,XXV,XXXII,etc) unpublished
Philip Buck was in Putnam Aug the 17th of 1774 when his 2nd son,(4th child) Michel, was  born.
Philip Buck "was a native of Germany who in his infancy came to America with his parents.
In 1773 he repaired to Wyoming Valley (Pennsylvania) and January 13, 1773 was admitted as a settler in Wilkes-Barre to "hold a settling right for Mr. William Stewart". He paid Peregreen Gardner ten Spanish milled dollars for a quarter right in the Susquehanna Purchase. We next find him settled on land (subsequently claimed by Christopher Avery) at the mouth of the Tunkhannock Creek in Putnam township. Lose valued at 275 pounds New York currency. But the British Commissionners of Claim awarded Philip Buck 69 pounds as damages December 7 1787."”
Stevens Transcripts of American Loyalists (Vols X,XXV,XXXII,etc) unpublished
Philip Buck is in Wilkes-Barre in the Susquehannah Valley, Oct. 3d, 1772 
"...November, Forty Fort erected in Kingston Township, Pennsylvania."
(Philip was listed as being in this area when his first son, Frederick, was born in this year. )
History of Wyoming County.Pg. 751
We next find Philip Buck settled on land (subsequently claimed by Christopher Avery) at the mouth of the Tunkhannock Creek in Putnam township, which township was laid out and accepted by the committee of The Susquehanna Company (Connecticut) in October, 1775. 
“Stevens’ Transcripts ---American Loyalists” (Vols, X, XXV, XXXII, etc.) unpublished.
“According to a memorandum accompanying this memorial it would appear that the party which went out Dec 20th had 5 pack-horses with them; and that the “one subaltern and 11 privates, December 10, 1777. " (Some were ‘taken’ on 3 Jan 1778 as was Philip Buck and others.) 
"The Assembly directed that the “Committee of Pay Table” should examine and adjust the account contained in the foregoing memorial."
"Relative to some of the Tories who were captured by the Westmoreland authorities either at Lackaway or up the Susquehanna, as aforementioned, the following action was taken by the General Assembly in February, 1778."
“Resolved by this Assembly, That Richmond Berry, Philip Buck, Thomas Silk, Edward Hicks, Edward Hicks, Jr., John Young, Jacob Bowman, Adam Bowman, Jr., Jacob Brenner, John Henry Short, Henry Hover, John Hover, Nicholas Phillips, Nicholas Phillips, Jr., John Phillips, Jacob Anguish, George Kentner and Frederick Frank, who were lately taken in arms against the inhabitants of the United States by the militia of Westmoreland and sent to the Deputy Commissary General of Prisoners in this State, as prisoners, ought to be received by said Commissary and treated as prisoners-of-war.  Provided, that nothing in this Resolve shall be understood to excuse them or any of them from any treasonable or other offences against the laws of any particular State, or from being dealt with accordingly.”
“Referring to the names of Butler’s Rangers…… will be seen that the above named prisoners Philip Buck, Edward Hicks, John Young, Adam Bowman, Jacob Bowman, Henry Hover, Nicholas Phillips and Jacob Anguish were “Rangers.”
Philip and Margaret's 6th child, 3rd daughter, Elisabeth, was born 1 May 1777.  The spelling of Elisabeth with an 's' is German, Elizabeth with a 'z' is English.  During all the conflicts in Wyoming County, PA, somehow the family survives and children are still being born.
It was during this time while Philip and several of his friends were taken to Hartford jail in Connecticut their wives found staying on their land in Wyoming was dangerous to themselves and their children, they decided to leave Wyoming County, PA and try to make it to Niagara and safety.  With the 5 women and 31 children they started out on foot, walking north.  For more of these brave women check  The Trek..

“The families of the Youngs, Secord, Showers, Buck, and Hendrick Nelles were also in dire straits. It was said that among the five women and thirty-one children of these families there was only one pair of shoes. Learning from Indians of their plight, Colonel Mason Bolton, commandant at Niagara, sent a party of rescue, and the distressed families were thus led to Quebec where they remained under government care until the end of the war.
Meanwhile Buck and the Bowmans were exchanged to New York, and not knowing that their families were in Canada, they set out for the Susquehanna. On the third day they attracted the attention of enemy scouts by shooting ducks. Buck escaped but the Bowmans, being sorely wounded, were again taken. "Loaded with irons," they were removed from goal to goal (once Jacob BOWMAN "lay in Chains" for twenty weeks) and were kept in confinement throughout the war.”  Read Sphon letter.

“Among the Loyalists who received land grants in Nelson, Trafalgar, and Toronto townships…… familiar names are those of families from the valleys of the Mohawk and Susquehanna; Clement, Buck, Bradt, Secord, Vrooman, and several Youngs.”
Page 166
"On Dec. 10, 1777, Col. Nathan Denison, commanding the Twenty-fourth regiment of the Connecticut militia, sent a detachment of eleven men, under the command of Lieut. Asa Stevens, who came up as far as Meshoppen and took five suspected persons prisoners, but deeming their force insufficient to advance further, returned to Wyoming. On hearing their report, Col. Denison, Dec. 20, sent up a larger force consisting of one captain, five subalterns, seven sergeants, five corporals, and ninety-three rank and file, in all one hundred and eleven men, under the command of Lieut.-Col. Dorrance, who marched up the river as far as Sheshequin. A prominent Indian chief, whom the English called Hopkins, who had received from the British government a captain’s commission, and was then residing at the foot of New Sheshequin (the old Gore place), it was reported, was keeping several prominent Tories. The soldiers were directed not to molest the Indians, but hoping to capture some of these white people, a party entered Hopkins’ house, made him prisoner, and commenced their search for the persons they were seeking. Hopkins, attempting to escape, was shot through the body by Rufus Baldwin, who was placed to guard him. Hopkins, however, recovered, and was present at the battle of Wyoming. This was the first blood shed in this valley in the Revolutionary contest. "
Source: Bradford County 1770 - 1878  by The Reverend Mr. David Craft
Location: US National Archives (NARA) List of loyalist prisoners from Butler's Rangers.
Jacob Anguish Jr., _____ Bagnall, Mrs. Berry, Ridman, Bowman, Lt. Adam Bowman Jr.,  Jacob Bowman, Jacob Brunner, Philip Buck, were Butler's Rangers.
Abstract: List of loyalist prisoners from Butler's Rangers. Collection Title: Papers of the Continental Congress.  Publication Title: Papers of the Continental Congress.  Short Description: NARA M247. Item Number: 166 Pub. Number: M247. 
Item Description: Letters and Papers Relating to Canadian Affairs, Sullivan's Expedition, and the Northern Indians, 1775-79.  Item Title: Papers re: Canadian and Indian Affairs. Page: 489  Roll Number: 183
....14 Dec "One officer recruited almost one hundred men from the back settlements on the Susquehanna River for Butler’s Rangers.”    Philip Buck and Augustus Anger is on this list.  Augustus would later be Philip's son-in-law as he would marry Philip's daughter Rosannah
Source: LAC The Haldimand papers Series B  B96-1 John Butler to Le Maistre 14 Dec 1777
"We the undermentioned Commissioned & non Commissioned Officers & Privates of Captain William CALDWELL’s Company of Rangers do acknowledge to have received from John Butler Esqr. Major Commandant of a Corps of Rangers the full amount of our Pay from 24th December 1777 to 24th October 1778 inclusive.     
Signed.........Captain William CALDWELL"
Philip BUCH  Commencing 25 Decr. 1777—Ending  24 Octr. 1778 
Source: Great Britain, British Library, Additional Manuscripts, No. 21765, folios 64-65.
"Probably most of them (Loyalist) received grants of land in the Niagara Peninsula at the close of the contest, as did the men of Butler’s corps in general and the warriors of the Six Nations, who had made Fort Niagara their base of operations since the fall of 1777. A few of the Pennsylvanians, however, soon drifted to other localities; and individuals among them were to be found living a few years after the war at Fort Erie, Detroit, on the Bay of Quinte, in the Fourth and Fifth townships on the north side of the St. Lawrence River, and at Montreal"
Sec. Rep., Bur. of Archives, Ont., (1904). Pt. I. 831, 480; Pt. II. 968, 968. 970, 973. 974. 975, 981. 984. 990, 997, 1001. 1008, 1262, 1263; Trans. Roy. Soc. Can.. IX (1916), 95, ff., 117. ff.
Some Loyalists were captured December 20, 1777.  Philip Buck was captured on January 3, 1778, along with others in the Susquehanna River valley were captured by the Westmoreland militia and sent, under guard, to Hartford, CT and held as prisoners of war.  The results of this expedition are thus stated in the memorial of Col. Denison to the Connecticut assembly, dated January, 1778: "The men marched up the river about eighty miles, and took sundry Tories, and happily contented the Tioga Indians and entirely disbanded the conspirators." At the following session the assembly resolved "that Richmond Berry, Philip Buck, Thomas Silk, Edward Hicks, Edward Hicks, Jr., John Young, Jacob Bowman, Adam Bowman, Jr., Jacob Bruner, John Henry Short, Henry Hover, Nicholas Phelps, Nicholas Phelps, Jr., John Phelps, Jacob Anguish, George Kentner, and Frederick Frank, who were taken in arms against the United States by the militia of Westmoreland, and sent to the deputy commissary-general of prisoners of this State, are ordered to be received and treated as prisoners of war, provided that nothing in the aforesaid order shall be construed to excuse said prisoners from any treasonable offense against the laws of other States."  
1.NARA-Collection Title: Papers of the Continental Congress- Publication Title: Papers of the Continental Congress -Short Description: NARA M247. The correspondence, journals, committee reports, and records of the Continental Congress (1774-1789).-Item Number: 166 -Publication Number: M247 -Item Description: Letters and Papers Relating to Canadian Affairs, Sullivan's Expedition, and the Northern Indians, 1775-79 -Item Title: Papers re: Canadian and Indian Affairs Page: 489 -Abstract: List of loyalist prisoners from Butler's Rangers. 3 p.Roll Number: 183---
2. Haldimand Papers Rl 46. Add MSS211765 Pg.424 "List of Prisoners in the Hands of Congress belongong to the Corps of Rangers,Royalists & their Families."
Margaret Buck and her children’s living arrangements when they arrived at Sorel (Mechiche in Quebec).    Read the letter exchange between Haldimand & Gugy:
"The first dozen buildings erected were each 18 x 40 feet which would commodiously house
240 women and children" 200 beds were brought in”. "Some of the Loyalists were not amiable
people" with some 'frivolous' complaints. Six additional structures plus a school house were added. Also added was a large garden plot and pasture for 50 cows. It was considered wise to "have an eye on", the Loyalists as the Governor General "was not eager to have them mingle with the local populace"

“Conrad Gugy, the Seigneur on whose land the camp was built "was empowered to lay down regulations for maintaining order among his wards and requiring their services" "Many refused to work"  There's 2 sides to every coin, I realize, but Gugy had an incredible job assigned to handle the influx of Loyalists.”
The Wyoming Massacre and Columbia County  by William Baillie.
1778 Jan
Philip Buck is on the list of Peter Ten Broeck Corp of Rangers, as a prisoner.  Document Page
There are several pages listing a “Mrs. Buck” with children in Sorel and then at Mechiche in Quebec.  We had to be careful sorting them but matching the children's ages were key.  In the "Up the River" list there is a William Buck that died in a battle and a Richard Buck listed but know nothing about him.  This makes a possible 3 'Mrs. Buck' in the ration lists.  Then there were 2 others, George Buck and a John Buck not related.
Haldimand Papers
“The year 2003 marked the 225th anniversary of the Battle of Wyoming and the infamous Wyoming Massacre during the Revolutionary War. On July 3, 1778 a contingent of about 300 American militia met a much larger invading army of British regulars, Tories and Indians in the Wyoming Valley near modern Exeter south of Scranton. The Americans were overwhelmed and driven into a panicked retreat, with the Indians scalping every soldier they could lay hands on. The several American forts in the Valley were surrendered or abandoned; the invaders killed many civilians and destroyed houses, crops, and cattle. As news of the "massacre" spread along the River, settlers in the Valley (more than 3000) fled in panic, joined by thousands more from the whole of the North Branch and West Branch regions of the Susquehanna, in what came to be known as the Great Runaway.”

“The Battle of Wyoming............Isolated attacks by small Indian raiding parties, though terrifying and often deadly, paled in comparison with the one major pitched battle in this region, the Battle of Wyoming. As mentioned above, few if any men from (later) Columbia County fought at Forty Fort on July 3, 1778. Aid had been urgently requested from Fort Jenkins, but the commander felt that sending soldiers upriver would leave his fort indefensible.”

When the Revolutionary War began, the Yankees and Penamites set their local quarrel aside for the duration of the struggle against the British. That is how things stood when in 1778 the British at Niagara gathered forces for a strong raid to clear Americans out of the land in the Forks of the Susquehanna. This army included about 400 British "green coats" and Tories along with nearly 700 Iroquois warriors.”
The Wyoming Massacre and Columbia County  by William Baillie
“In 1769 Stewart found new opportunities beckoning him up the Susquehanna. There a bitter conflict had broken out in the "Wyoming Settlements" between claimants from Connecticut and from Pennsylvania. (A century earlier, Britain’s King Charles II had granted charters to Connecticut and to William Penn which set up overlapping rights to lands between Fishing Creek and the New York border.)”
“Connecticut men formed a private joint-stock venture, the Susquehannah Company, to settle the lands in the Wyoming Valley along the North Branch, with their southern boundary at the mouth of Fishing Creek. (Actually, the forty-first parallel crosses the Susquehanna River at the northern end of Bloomsburg Airport and cuts diagonally across the Town to the northeast corner of the fairgrounds.)”
“Meanwhile, Pennsylvania began selling off the same lands under the Patent system, which allowed anyone to stake out up to 300 acres for just £5 per 100 acres. Each colony rushed to beat the other in settling the Wyoming Valley. The rivalry soon broke out into armed conflict called the Yankee—Penamite War, with each side in turn gaining temporary advantage and evicting the other from their new homes.”
The Wyoming Massacre and Columbia County  by William Baillie
Congress wanted the British to pay for the keep of the American prisoners......Removal of this block allowed some progress to be made......two conferences for "general cartel" to exchange all prisoners of war. These took place on March 31-April 1 and April 6-11 at Germantown and Newtown, Pennsylvania, respectively. They were not successful as the British would not say anything that would effectively recognize the United States as a independent entity and Congress doggedly wanted this acknowledgement.

......Thus some hundreds of prisoners were exchanged in May and June 1779, before the British evacuated Philadelphia on June 18. ---- 

Talks about exchange lists:
"On July 19, 1779, a number of prisoners of war were exchanged in New York. A Baurmeister letter states that 500 of the prisoners had returned by way of Elizabethtown and that all looked well. Another 399 exchanged prisoners arrived at New York from Connecticut on July 22 and 23. This would seem to be the same 800 men reported in the New York Gazette and Weekly Mercury of July 27, as having arrived from New Jersey and Connecticut." 
Philip Buck in his Claim of losses said he was exchanged in New York.  His release would have been one of these dates.
Revolutionary War by Bruce E. Burgoyne, p 86
1778, Feb
Hartford, Conn., List of Prisoners:
“Resolved by this Assembly, that Richmond Berry, Philip Buck, Thomas Silk, Edward Hicks, Edward Hix jun, John Young, Jacob Bowman, Adam Bowman jun, (Jacob) Brenner, John Henry Short, Henry Hover, John Hover, Nicholas Phillips, Nicholas Phillips Jr, John Phillips, Jacob Anguish, George Kentner, and Frederick Frank, who were lately taken into arms against the inhabitants of the United States by the militia of Westmoreland and sent to the deputy commissary general of prisoners in this State, as prisoners, ought to be received by said commissary and treated as prisoners of war: Provided, that nothing in this resolve shall be understood to excuse them or any of them from any treasonable or other offences against the laws of any particular state, or from being dealt with accordingly.” 
"......3 July 1778, Battle of Wyoming, Butler’s Rangers responsible for the Wyoming, PA Massacre." 
The Public Records of The State of Connecticut Oct.1776 to Feb.1778; p.539; pub.1894:
Source: Connecticut Historical Society
Note from a descendant: "The PHILLIPS were prisoners of war but did not participate in this."
In Ontario, Canada: starting in 1779, the first Township was surveyed for the settles were in Niagara, then Stamford, then Grantham & Bertie & Willoughby.  Most of the families could not be on their land until 1783. 
The life of Philip Buck continues on   page #2
On page 2 you will learn about Philip Buck during his 'retirement' years after the American Revolutionary War, his Claim of Losses, a map locating his property in Niagara, his will and memorial and more.
1778                                      The Wyoming Massacre - July 3, 1778
"Copy of a letter from Major John Butler to Lieutenant Colonel Bolton
dated Lacuwanack 8 July 1778"
On the 30th of June I arrived with about 500 Rangers and Indians at Wioming, and encamped on an eminence which overlooks the greatest part of the settlement, from whence I sent out parties to discover the situation, and strength of the Enemy, who brought in eight Prisoners, and scalps: Two loyalists who came into my camp informed me that the Rebels could muster about 800 men, who were all assembled in their Forts.
....July 1st.   I marched to the distance of half a mile of Wintermonts Fort and sent in Lieutenant Turney with a Flag to demand imediate possession of it, which was soon agreed to. A flag was next sent to Jenkins' Fort which surrendered on nearly the same conditions as Wintermonts both which are enclosed. I next summoned Forty fort the Commandant of which refused the conditions I sent him.
....July 3d   parties were sent out to collect cattle, who informed me that the Rebels were preparing to attack me. This pleased the Indians highly, who observed they should be upon an equal footing with them in the woods; at Two o'Clock we discovered the Rebels upon their march in number about four or five hundred. Between 4 & 5 o'Clock they were advanced within a mile of us; finding them determined, I ordered the Forts to be sett on fire, which deceived the Enemy into an opinion that we had retreated: We then posted ourselves in a fine open wood, and for our greater safety lay flat upon the ground, waiting their approach. When they were within 200 yards of us, they began firing; we still continued upon the ground without returning their Fire till they had fired three Vollies: by this time they had advanced within 100 yards of us, and being quite near enough Suingerachton ordered his Indians who were upon the right to begin the attack upon our part; which was imediately well seconded by the Rangers on the left. Our fire was so close, and well directed, that the affair was soon over, not lasting above half an hour, from the time they gave us the first fire till their flight. In this action were taken 227 Scalps and only five prisoners. The Indians were so exasperated with their loss last year near Fort Stanwix, that it was with the greatest difficulty I could save the lives of those few. Colonel Denniston who came next day with a Minister, and four others to treat for the remainder of the settlement of Westmoreland assures me, that they have lost one Colonel two Majors, seven Captains, Thirteen Lieutenants, Eleven Ensigns, and two hundred and Sixty Eight Privates. On our side are killed one Indian, two Rangers, and Eight Indians wounded. In this incursion we have taken and destroyed eight pallisaded Forts, and burned about 1000 Dwelling Houses, all their Mills &c., we have also killed and drove off about 1000 head of horned Cattle, and sheep and swine in great numbers. But what gives us the sincerest satisfaction is, that I can with great ___ assure you that in the destruction of this settlement not a single person has been hurt of the Inhabitants, but such as were in arms, to those indeed the Indians gave no Quarter.
I have also the pleasure to inform you that the Officers and Rangers behaved during this short action highly to my satisfaction, and have always supported themselves through hunger, and fatague with great chearfullness.
....I have this day sent a party of men to the Delaware to destroy a small settlement there, and to bring off prisoners. In two or three days I shall send out other parties for the same purpose if I can supply my self with Provisions, I shall harrass the adjacent country, and prevent them from getting in their harvest.
.....The settlement of Schohary or the Minisinks will be my next objects, both of which abound in Corn, and Cattle the destruction of which cannot fail of greatly distressing the Rebels. I have not yet been able to hear any thing of the expresses I sent to the Generals Howe & Clinton, but as I sent them by ten different routes, I am in hopes that some of them will be able to make their way to them and return.

In a few days I do myself the honour of writing to you more fully and send you a Journal of my proceeding since I left Niagara.
I am Sir, with respect,
Your most obedient & very humble Serv't
(signed) John Butler"
From microfilm of the Frederick Haldimand Papers, British Library Additional Manuscripts No. 21,760, folios 31-34, with thanks to the British Library (London, UK) and by courtesy of the Public Archives of Canada.
This page was last updated: 2 October, 2011
"When the Winter of 1777-78 came on," states Halsey in "The Old New York Frontier"
"the main body of Indians and Tories had retired from Oswego to Niagara, but a considerable
number of Indians remained to spend that season in Unadilla and Oghwaga."  Cruikshank
(in "The Story of Butler's Rangers") declares that "during the Winter (1777-1778) the Senecas
carefully abstained from molesting the frontier of New York until they found an opportunity
of removing such of their friends as might be exposed to retaliation, when, they told Butler,
they meant "to strike in a body."
    In December, 1778, six full companies of "Rangers" were assembled at Fort Niagara to
RANGE OF LOG BUILDINGS WHICH HAD BEEN CONSTRUCTED UNDER MAJOR BUTLER'S SUPERVISION DURING THE AUTUMN ON THE WEST SIDE OF THE RIVER, in what is now Niagara-on-the-Lake.  These buildings (still standing?) were thenceforth known as the "Rangers Barracks." (At Niagara, March 8, 1779, Major John Butler drew on Governor
Haldimand for payment of the expense incurred in "Building Barracks for the Rangers and distressed families")
Source: Public Papers of George Clinton
    In the Winter of 1777-78, Fort Niagara became the active headquarters of the Indian superintendency, and the rendezvous for the marauding and scalping parties of Indians which were organized to make incursions upon the defenseless border settlement of Pennsylvania and New York.  At Niagara, most of the war-parties were formed, supplied and equipped.  Thither they also returned to report their successes or failures - bringing their prisoners with them to pass through the terrible ordeal of the gantlet; and there, likewise, they received the rewards for the scalps they had taken.  Samuel DeVeaux writing of the conditions at Fort Niagara in the years 1777-1783, said:
  "It was the headquarters of all that was barbarous, unrelenting and cruel.  There were congregated the leaders and chiefs of those bands of murderers and miscreants whocarried death and destruction into the remote American settlements.  There, civilized Europe reveled with savage America, and ladies of education and refinement, mingled in the society of those whose only distinction was to wield the Tomahawk and the bloody scalping-knife.  There were the squaws of the forest raised to eminence,and the most unholy alliances between them and officers of the highest rank smiled upon and countenanced.  There, from this stronghold, like a nest of vultures, securely for seven years, they sallied forth and preyed upon the distant settlements of the Mohawk and the Susquehanna Valleys.  It was the depot of their plunder; there they planned the forays, and there they returned to feast until the time for action should come again."
Source: Public Papers of George Clinton
   "........most of the refugee Loyalists who had enlisted under Butler for temporary service as Rangers, or Scouts, during the Campaign of 1777, had marched overland to the Susquehanna under the command of James Secord, with orders to drive cattle from the settlements on the Susquehanna to Niagara for the maintenance of the Garrison; but nothing had been heard from or of them.  Butler's former agent, Jhn De Pui, "again hurried to the Susquehanna to seek fresh recruits, and hasten the return of the Rangers supposed to be there."
"Loyalists continued to arrive at Niagara, and by the middle of December, 1777, the first company of Butler's Corps was completed.  Under the date of December 14, 1777, Butler wrote from Niagara to Capt. Francis Le Maistre, "Deputy Adjutant General in Canada," at Quebec, to the effect that as Governor Carleton had refused to sign commissions in blank, he (Butler) desired to know how he should proceed so as to secure suitable officers for the new Corps; and would like to know, also, if he could employ officers to recruit for the Corps.  He wrote that he would be pleased to know what would be his rank.  He had flattered himself, he said, that he was "to be given the rank of Major in the Army."  He forwarded a Muster-roll of Officers and men so far as recruited for Walter Butler's Company, and sated that he had "sent to the frontiers of Pennsylvania to bring up the Rangers absent on leave, so as to complete the Corps of Rangers as fast as possible."  He also enclosed a list of Officers recommended for commissions in two other companies of the Corps, and stated that his son Thomas, "Previously recommended for a commission," was at that time, "a prisoner with the Rebels."
Public Papers of George Clinton
1768  Map of Indian territory per agreement with the British and the Indians. ------>
Fort Erie in Niagara as it is today.
Haldimand Papers --->
Names of Loyalists 'taken' and held prisoner in 1778 ----->
Bowman Creek today ->
Adam Buck
George Buck UE

Sep 15 1777 Beating Order issued

May 1778 Raid on Schoharie Valley

July 1-3 1778 Battle of Wyoming (Wilkes-Barre,PA)

August 1778 Raid on German Flatts, NY

Nov 12 1778 Battle of Cherry Valley, NY

July 20 1779 Raid on Minisink, NY

Aug 29 1779 Battle of Chemung, NY

Sep 13 1779 Cleveland Ambushcade

May 1780 Raid on Schoharie Valley

Sep 30 1780 Raids on Wyoming Valley

Oct 1-25 1780 Sir John Johnson's Raids on the Mohawk Valley

April 1781 Raid on Cherry Valley.

May 1781 Blockade of Fort Stanwix

June 1781 Raid on Bedford County, PA

June 1 1781 Raid on Corrystown, NY

June 2 1781 Raid on Conajoharie, NY

Aug 10 1781 Raid on Lackawaxen River & Rochester, NY

Aug 26 1781 Engagements in the Ohio Valley

Sep 8 1781 Raid on German Flatts

Oct 10-30 1781 Major Ross's raid on the Mohawk Valley. Walter Butler killed in Action on the West Canada Creek

Jun 4-7 1782 Battle of Sandusky, Ohio

Aug 19 1782 Battle of the Blue Licks, KY. Daniel Boone defeated by Caldwell's Company.

Sep 11 1782 Raid on Wheeling, West Virginia

June 24 1784 Reduction to nil strength, with the exception of one company at Detroit (Caldwell's)

July 16 1784 Reduction of Captain William Caldwell's Company of Rangers on arrival at Niagara

1760 - September 8; Sir William Johnson captures Montreal. October 25
The place of encampment of Sullivan's army on the night of August 3, 1779, was at Watman's, who lived in a cabin near Palen's tannery.
1781 Baptism of
Philip Buck Jr.
Eaton Township
Named for the hero of Tripoli, General Eaton, the Township was erected from the portion of the original Tunkhannock west of the Susquehanna in 1817. That portion of the Township bordering the Susquehanna River was settled prior to the revolution. The first to come were Zebulon Marcy, Adam Wortman, Philip Buck and Adam Bowman.
PUTNAM was granted, September 24, 1775, and on December 20, lots were taken by twenty-ish persons. The place of encampment of Sullivan's army on the night of August 3, 1779, was at Watman's, who lived in a cabin near Palen's tannery. 
TUNKHANNOCK was the third of the original certified town, and was then called Putnam, after General Israel Putnam, of the Revolution, he owning lots here. It was organized in 1790; the borough in 1842. The oldest settlers of Tunkhannock, as far as known, were Zebulon Marcy, who lived near where the tannery now stands, and Christopher Avery, who lived on the flat on the south side of the creek. Philip Buck, a German, sent here by the Pennamites in 1773, lived upon the land of Christopher Avery, but afterwards, in company with two others, settled opposite the mouth of bowman's creek. Abraham and Adam Wartman were also two Germans sent here by the Pennamites in the same year that Philip Buck came (1773). They settled near the mouth of Tunkhannock creek. Nicholas Phillips settled near the creek in the same year; Jacob Teague settled about two miles above the mouth of the creek, in 1774; and Increase Billings near the forks of the north and south branches, in the year 1773. He conveyed to one Reuben Herrington, in 1775, and Herrington, in 1776, conveyed his to Job Tripp. Just below Philip Buck, lived Frederic Anger and Frederick Frank; below this, where La Grange now is, lived Jeremiah Osterhout, who came here prior to 1796.

EATON was erected from parts of Tunkhannock, in 1818. It was named for General William Eaton, of Massachusetts. Among the first settlers was one John Secord, who located on the flat about two miles above Tunkhannock, on the opposite side of the river, in 1773. This flat was then called Catchakamy Plains. It was at his house that the first white man was killed in Westmoreland during the Revolutionary war. Below this, at the mouth of Bowman's creek, lived Jacob and Adam Bowman, settled there in 1773, whence the name of the creek. It was on their farm that the Indians encamped on the night previous to the massacre of Wyoming. Elisha Harding came in 1790, and Joshua Patrick, a soldier of the Revolution, about 1795. Glen Moneypenny, situated in Eaton township, on a little stream which empties into the Susquehanna on its western side, six miles below Tunkhannock, presents one among the many wildly picturesque scenes to be found throughout the mountain region of the county.

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